Posts Tagged Community Interaction Theory
Here is another bit of management theory that could be usefully applied to careers work…
Many career theories address the influence of other people on an individual’s career choice. For example, Community Interaction theory looks at the mechanisms by which peers, parents, ethnic groups, etc., influence individual career decisions. Clients often have to take into account the views and needs of significant people in their lives. Does management theory have any light to shine on this?
Multi-theoretical rather than meta-theoretical
I am highly wary of people who take only one theoretical perspective.
No matter how rich and multi-dimensional your theory is, no matter how many other theories it incorporates and subsumes, it’s still only a theory. It will never account for all of the variety, complexity and general messiness of real live people in real live environments.
The real problem with only taking one theoretical perspective is that you become subject to the Law of the Instrument (or Maslow’s hammer).
Give a small boy a hammer, and he will find that everything he encounters needs pounding. (Abraham Kaplan)
It is tempting, if the only tool you have is a hammer, to treat everything as if it were a nail. (Abraham Maslow)
If you only have one theoretical perspective, you only have one set of concepts by which you interpret a client’s situation. Because of confirmation bias, you will tend to look for things that fit in with those concepts and you may fail to notice things which don’t fit.
It is tempting to force the facts to fit the concepts and limit what you notice to things that you can describe easily in your frame of reference.
That’s why I shy away from big theories which seek to do everything and try to collect lots of simpler theories that look at career decisions from very different angles. Phil McCash from Warwick University has described this as ‘theoretical triangulation‘.
So, if you’re just venturing out into the world of career theory, which theories should you start with? Here are my suggestions, with no sound scientific basis, just my personal preferences.
Bill Law is a bit of a guru when it comes to careers theory — he developed the DOTS framework which is used frequently in careers education. He even has his own website www.hihohiho.com and twitter following. He constantly argues for a more radical, activist perspective on careers guidance and education, embracing complexity and reforming careers to also consider life-role related learning. More recently he’s done some work on storyboarding as David has mentioned in his earlier post.
But going back to the classics — in 1981, Law introduced his Community Interaction Theory. He suggested that some of the most influential factors in career choice relate to events which occur in the context of ‘community interaction’ between the individual and the social groups of which she or he is a member. If theories such as Circumscription and Compromise talk about the impact of society pressures on our decision making process, Community Interaction focuses on some of the mechanisms by which this takes place.
Careers - in Theory is a blog from The Careers Group, University of London.
The aim of this blog is to highlight and discuss theories, models, research and other interesting stuff that might have an impact on the work of careers education and guidance.
At The Careers Group we like to think deeply about the work we do whilst maintaining our practicality and our sense of humour.
Please join in. It's more fun for us if you comment, rate and share.
Search Careers – in Theory
- I seem to have slipped into 4th place ow.ly/3y125E 15 hours ago
- Thanks. I particularly like the idea of degrees of freedom in your personality twitter.com/robewood/statu… 3 days ago
- Crisis of Masculinity ow.ly/3y0FNy 3 days ago
- Strengths and Weaknesses ow.ly/3y0nq4 5 days ago
- Psychology: Heaven and hell | A celebration of a decade of the British Psychological Society’s Research Digest blog - ow.ly/P2RLs 6 days ago
- Do We All Have Multiple Selves? How to Build a More Dynamic You ow.ly/P2R6h 6 days ago
- RT @work_matters: Are you ready to decide? Great evidence-based tips shar.es/1qdBLc via @McKinsey 6 days ago
- March 2013
- October 2012
- September 2012
- August 2012
- July 2012
- June 2012
- May 2012
- April 2012
- March 2012
- February 2012
- January 2012
- December 2011
- November 2011
- October 2011
- September 2011
- August 2011
- July 2011
- June 2011
- May 2011
- April 2011
- March 2011
- February 2011
- January 2011
- December 2010
- November 2010
- October 2010
- September 2010
- August 2010
- July 2010
- June 2010
- May 2010
- April 2010
- March 2010
- February 2010
- January 2010
- December 2009
- November 2009
- October 2009
- September 2009
- August 2009
- Action adaptability agency applying theory approach attitude attribution avoidance beliefs career development learning challenge chaos choice coaching cognitive behavioural therapy cognitive bias Community Interaction Theory complexity compromise constructivism context counterfactual thinking culture decision developmental dialogical self Employability engagement flexibility gladwell goals guidance habitus identity innovation interviews job hunting Jung learned helplessness locus of control matching meaning memory Models modes of growth motivation multiplicity narrative networking opportunity structure optimism outcome expectations personality planned behaviour planned happenstance planning positive psychology professions purpose recession Reflective practice self-efficacy self concept self esteem skills social capital social cognitive social identity social mobility stages strategy success transition uncertainty values
- Accurate at the time of publication
Bill Law’s Com… on Classics – Community Int… Makeda Heard on Do you have a decision-making… Michael Healy on The tree of life The Chaos Theory of… on Puppies and ping-pong bal… David Winter on Self creation or self dis… Bogusław Kałka on Self creation or self dis… David Winter on Self creation or self dis… Andy on Self creation or self dis… Britpop: Career iden… on Identity crisis