Posts Tagged autonomy
What are the fundamental human needs?
What things, if we get them, will make us happy human beings?
Are there such things as universal human needs, that everyone in every society would identify with, or does it depend on your personality and cultural background?
In an earlier post on Maslow’s classic hierarchy of needs, I mentioned that it had been criticised (Hofstede, 1984) for being based on Western sensibilities. In defence of his criticism Hofstede cited a research study by Haire et al. (1966) in which managers from 14 different countries were asked to rate the importance of various needs (security, social, esteem, autonomy, self-actualisation) as well as indicating their level of satisfaction and fulfilment of those needs.
In this study, only the managers from the US ranked the needs in the order proposed by Maslow.
So does that mean that Maslow’s needs are not universal?
What do you think would motivate people more — getting them to focus on what they are about to do or asking them to think about whether they will do it or not?
When a group of students were given one or the other of these contemplative tasks before facing an anagrams exercise, the ones who had asked themselves whether they would do it completed more anagrams than the group who were just thinking about doing it.